Part L1 SAP Calculations

Why Have SAP Calculations

The SAP rating is used to meet the requirements of the Building Regulations Part L1A & L1B to notify and display an energy rating in new dwellings.

The SAP is the single method of compliance within Part L Building Regulations and takes the notional carbon footprint calculation of a house from the Part L Regulations and specifies the reduction in carbon use to comply within current regulations. This re-calculated emissions rate is known as the Target Emissions Rate (TER).


SAP calculations

Calculating the SAP rating on a scale of 1 to 100 based on the annual energy costs for space and water heating.

Calculating the Carbon Index (CI) on a scale of 0.0 to 10.0 based on the annual CO2 emissions associated with space and water heating.

The Carbon Index can be used to demonstrate compliance with Approved Document L1 (England and Wales) and Technical Standards Part J (Scotland).


What does a SAP include?

For existing properties a SAP will cover:

  • Materials used for construction of the dwelling
  • Thermal insulation of the building fabric
  • Ventilation characteristics of the dwelling and ventilation equipment
  • Efficiency and control of the heating system(s)
  • Solar gains through any openings in the dwelling
  • The fuel used to provide space and water heating, ventilation and lighting
  • Renewable energy technologies

A CSR Sustain SAP assessor will make recommendations to achieve the required SAP rating and other suggestions for further improvement, also ensuring on completion of the build that the appropriate products and techniques specified at the design stage have been incorporated. This is to confirm and certificate the projected Target Emission Rate (TER) as the built Dwelling Emission Rate (DER).

The calculation is based on energy balance taking into account a range of factors that contribute to energy efficiency, for example:

The SAP calculation procedure for existing properties follows that for new dwellings. However, some of the data items are usually defaulted or inferred. The calculation is concerned with the assessment of the dwelling itself, as used by standard or typical occupants, and is not affected by the way current occupants might use it. For example, the living room calculation is based on the original design concept and not on the way the current occupants heat the room.

The calculation is independent of factors related to the individual characteristics of the household occupying the dwelling when the rating is calculated, for example:

  • Household size and composition
  • Ownership and efficiency of particular domestic electrical appliances
  • Individual heating patterns and temperatures

Ratings are not affected by the geographical location so a given dwelling has the same rating in all parts of the UK.


For further details and information on SAP Calculations please contact us.

Manchester Office: 0161 762 5670